Friday, April 4, 2008

Agriculture Statistics at a Glance in India

Statistics taken from "The Hindu".

As per 2004-05,

Total Population:

1092 million

Total Population in rural areas

819 million

Total (%) in rural areas:

71.4%

Total labor force in India:

467 million (i.e 42%)

Of these, total directly in agriculture(farmers)

247 million (i.e 72.5%)


So wide is the spread of agriculture as an occupation is evident from above.

Let's now see the agricultural area:

Total area under cultivation

142 million hectares

Of these, area dependent on monsoons

100 million hectares

Total (%) area rain fed is

70%

Average area under operational holding

<2>

% of farmers having this area

86%


If India is the largest producer of several crops, it is also the country that has lowest yield per hectare for all crops:

Per hectare yield in paddy

USA

6.2 Tonnes

India

2.9 Tonnes

Per hectare yield in wheat

China

3.9 Tonnes

India

2.5 Tonnes



With respect to Economy,

Agricultural contribution to the total GDP

1970-73

40% of GDP

2005-06

19.7% of GDP

Agricultural growth as against GDP:

Year

Agri-culture

Indu-stry

Services

GDP at factor cost

Per capita NNP at factor cost

1980-81 to 1990-91

3.08

5.79

6.54

5.15

2.82

1992-93 to 2002-03

2.61

5.82

7.65

5.85

3.89

1992-93 to 2005-06

2.57

6.05

7.72

6.00

4.10

1950-51 to 2005-06

2.54

5.19

5.40

4.26

1.94

In other words, from 3.5% in 1980-90, it is 1.7% from 1997-2001, what a sharp decline !!!

Agricultural subsidies : Rs.72,000 Crores >= 2* Annual Outlay in crores

Investment in Irrigation:
1951: 22.6%
2005: 5.6%
Very sharp fall

Investment in Agricultural research should be 6% of GDP atleast. In reality, only 1.3% of GDP is done.

Pending Projects since 60's: 400 worth Rs.79,000 Crores that would have irrigates 21 million hectares.
Agricultural credit given to farmers: 11.1% of the total credit

Another shocking statistics:

Every year 16 million tonnes of food grains and 40 million tonnes of fruits and vegetables rot simply because of no proper infrastructure to store, process and market the produce. All are government dependent.

4 comments:

bhat.adarsh said...

Very interesting statistics. Thanks for posting this. It would be nice if we could put up some charts for visual representation of this data.

judge said...

very very valuable information sir.

Sushanta said...

21172117It very interesting but it would be very attractive if covered with recent statistics(2008-'09)

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