Sunday, March 30, 2008

Modi Series Part 6: A unique SEZ Policy + new Public Private Partnership

After taking a note on all local, rural and urban parameters, let's look at Industrial growth and economic policies of Gujarat. A large number of industrialists are too happy with Modi simply because his government has set up some of the best policies that even Centre can emulate.

Aspect 1: SEZ Policy of the state:

The SEZ Policy of Gujarat was announced way back in 2000 when even the Centre was thinking on it.

Of the total area of SEZ in Gujarat, 45% is waste land (directly owned by the Government), 43% irrigational land (taken from farmers after actually paying the money directly to farmers) and 16% by Gujarat Industrial Development Board. So, there is no contention over land acquisition unlike West Bengal and other states. Further SEZ policy - some of the interesting ones include:
  • Only an industrialist is allowed to invest and no builder. This will help in not allowing real estate businesses to prop up and raise the land prices. Land meant for industries must be used for that purpose.
  • They will be given free electricity, water for 10 years and no stamp duty, registration fees
  • If they want to acquire lands from farmers or land developers, it is a direct negotiation and Government won't interfere....This is really better..Because if govt intervenes, then they will get the money from MNC's and will never give back to farmers. Also, many farmers in Gujarat are not just farmers, but are willing to do non-farming jobs. This attitude has helped many farmers willingly give up their land for a very high price. Many farmers then do contracting job for such industrialists who take over their land. This is working good for many farmers too.
  • Also whoever is a part of a business in SEZ must build the necessary infrastructure like roads. This means that the government is not involved in this basic issue. This ensures that the lethargic government machinery is kept away from this basic necessity...Very good
  • The State Government has delegated the powers of the Labour Commissioner to the DC to function as Registration Officer, Conciliation Officer as well as Inspector under various labour laws to provide single window service. The units in SEZ would be required to file annually Consolidated Annual Report (CAR) to the DC.
  • Inputs (goods and services) made to SEZ units from domestic tariff area would be exempt from sales tax and other state taxes. Any sales from SEZ to DTA would be deemed import and import duty would be applicable as per GoI policy. Sales tax would be applicable to SEZ goods as applicable to other imported goods.
Taken from Article1, Artcle2, Article3

Already an investment of Rs.35,000 crores has reached SEZ - the highest in the country and exports are Rs.140,00 crores by the end of 2008 - again the highest export figures by a state
This SEZ policy is what every economist in the country wants to be a part of even Central Govt's SEZ policy. However, questions like what if a farmer is coerced by the industrialist for a heavy price and is never given. What legalities or protection exists in such a case? Is the Government then going to interfere? Will farmers then file litigations? These questions need to be answered. However, this is also true that there is very little scope for farmer lands being taken over as all 51 SEZ of Gujarat fall under Gujarat Government's land and not that of farmers (so, as of now excepting a few lands belonging to farmers which have also peacefully been acquired after giving the actual money, most of it is Government owned). Further, the Gulf region is the only coastal region in the country receiving the least rainfall, not much effort is needed to build expensive breakwaters and ports can be easily set up.

The clearing of any venture by industrialists will be handled by a single commission dedicated to this. There will be a designated development commissioner and his team which will also be a single window clearance. i.e if got approved by this team, the industry can be given a green signal. Further, if any matter concerning pollution or other such environmental concerns arise, the Central Government must grant the green signal.

This simplified single window clearance has made newer industries to set up very quickly instead of waiting for years to get approval.

Note: The Gujarat model cannot be easily replicated across the country in terms of land acquisition, but the SEZ policy of Gujarat is surely a very inspiring one for a healthy growth without the farmers fury like the one happening in Nandigram. Except for one agitation against Reliance SEZ in Jamnagar, no protest has been reported anywhere. If Government was involved-as in several SEZ cases across the country - they would sell good land for cheap prices and keep the money and not give it to farmers.

Aspect 2: New Public Private Partnerships - example

1) Kutch post earthquake in 2001 has become the hottest destination and is the largest area in Asia for wood production. With nearly the best infrastructure in place, Rs. 15,000 crores have come as an investment from private players, industrialists and NRI's. Mainly because tax holiday for 10 years has been announced by Modi in 2003.

2) Ever since Modi came into power, he realized the need for port development so that they become international gateways and inter linkages to ports from various places.

Hence, Kutch Railway Company Ltd (KRCL) was formed through a public private partnership - KRCL, with an equity base of Rs 200 crore, is a public-private partnership, owned by Rail Vikas Nigam Ltd (50 per cent), the Kandla Port Trust (26 per cent), Gujarat Adani port (20 per cent) and the Gujarat Government (4 per cent).

It was primarily set up to undertake gauge conversion work between Gandhidham, Samakhali and Palanpur, and cut short the rail transportation distance between Gujarat ports and the northern hinterland by about 28 per cent.

As of now, a green signal to construct a 223-km broad gauge line between Bhiladi and Samadari has been given in 2006. Currently, the two places are connected by a meter-gauge rail track. With a broad-gauge track in place, rail connectivity distance between Gujarat ports and Western Rajasthan, Punjab, Jammu and Kashmir and Himachal Pradesh would be reduced by almost 200 km as compared to the present route.

From Article4

3) Another public-private partnership is Pipapav Railways Corporation Ltd (PRCL), which was formed for construction, operation and maintenance of the 269-km long Surendranagar-Pipapav gauge conversion/new line project. PRCL has equal equity participation from Railway Ministry and Gujarat Pipapav Port Ltd.

4) Gas Grid of 1500 km is underway to transport cheaper gas (after gas discovery in Kutch basin) to ceramic and chemical industries. 600km has already been completed. All this has taken place in just a few years. Great Speed!!! Also, once completed, Modi plans to set up Asia's largest cold storage area.
Taken from Article5


lageraho said...

Dear Sir,
Corruption and mismanagement of our public money, land, property and systems, services is common problem faced by every Indian. We all are trying to establish effective transparent system. We all are wishing for ultimate universal balance growth.
It is possible, we all positive intellectuals join with common mission of restructuring our public administrative system and fight corruption.
We Indian, at Surat,Gujarat formed Gujarat vichar manch, we train citizens, we help them to utilize RTI, we help to make PIL, and we are fighting for every individual's problem sincerely.
Gujarat vichar manch is a unique platform to meet, think and act intellectually. For common mission of ultimate universal balanced growth. Email us to Register complain of every Gujarat and central government, cooperative society, trusts,boards and any corruption and corrupted officer and public servant
Write article to us-
On how to fight corruption
Suggest us –
Restructuring of effective system
Donate us –
To grow and help us to fight corruption without corruption
Spare and invest your time-
To serve nation as volunteers in your area,
Regular Meeting of Gujarat vichar manch held every Sunday at 4 pm at- goverdhan wadi, opp pratik arcade, bhagatalav, nanavat. Surat, Gujarat, India.395008.
President-,Shri pradip bhai deputy,M-9327002514.
Vice president-,Shri vithalbhai Patel,M-09825378177
For getting RTI-help & to disclose corruption cases
inform us on09228484459.Lagerhonatubhai

Dear Indians,

Dear sathiyo, jindabad

We all are serving mother land by unique way. We constantly think for social injustice, livelihood, and nation.
We love your team, we love motherland, and we love anti sez fight.
We are committed to ultimate universal balance growth.
in Gujarat, on political group of intellectuals formed in name of Gujarat vichar march in Pune western consultation on sez we have decided to fight against SEZ.and associate with all activist, institutes fighting against SEZ.and with other NGO from Gujarat for fighting SEZ, Gujarat sez virodhi manch established.

What happened in Gujarat?

In Gujarat following LA done and violated many provisions of LA and other acts.
1. SEZ related,
2. Gujarat industrial development corporation (GIDC) had acquired fertile land since more then 20 years but not utilized till date and selling to corporate,
3. project under name of vibrant Gujarat

We think for Gujarat

Gujarat is leader in everything in INDIA. We all have to rethink our industrialization policy keeping in mind following points.
1. Mahatma Gandhi, sardar Patel national leaders had outlined growth, must be balancing and self sustained.urbanisation is increasing. Villages and agriculture with our culture on fear to loss of existence. Fearing to survival. Gujarat must be on her foot stand without any reliance on other. Means no grains, foods to be imported. It must be produced sufficient for Gujarat for minimum stock 5 years. We have sufficient fertile land and now Narmada yojana has helped us to provide water to agriculture. We have good farming records too. We are best farmers too. AMUL dairy is good example of our animal husbandry and dairy technology.urbanisation increasing at the fastest more then 50 % land covered under urbanisation.industrialisation is too fast. world is facing problem of food security, example of Kazakhstan country exported maximum grains to other nation ,stopped to export only because of not having produce but policy are changing. We can not stay on food waiting other country gives us grains and our mother sister prepare food for us. world war or disaster or any political act make us all without grains means,food.nothing will happen even we all have lots of monies in our and Swiss bank accounts. We and our kids need only grains. We maximum Gujarati are vegetarian. We can't eat fish or meat. We opt to be self reliant for grains. And determined to never relay on other for grains imports. We can import everything but food is prime to us and our next generations.
2. To be self reliant for food we must have stress on agriculture. We must turn to save agriculture in Gujarat. We must stop usage of fertile land in industrialisation, sez or other white elephant type project even for resident too. We can stay in high rise built on barren land but agricultural land must be saved any way. Gujarat industrial development corporation made much fertile land acquisition since 20 years average but not utilize for industrialization and not given back to farmers to make farming. Now GIDC selling to industries to develop sez at throw away prices.crores of rupees loss happen to Gujarat by such acquisition and further allotment to sez and other industries. We must stop such decisions. Congress or BJp or other political party never can see real need. They are making monies by associating with capitalist and others on sake of Gujarat's fertile land. We have invested lots of rupees to develop Narmada dam to water agriculture and human, animals, not for industries. One side we will complete canals network but no land will remain to farming because of urbanisation, industrialisation. We must think for next coming generations, we are in wrong direction, stop and think once as mahatma Gandhi directed us.
3. Our industrialization made maximum employment, but not to Gujarati.employment benefits goes in higher position to keralite and other English medium states people. Lower level employment benefits goes to oriss, up, Bihar, maharastra and other states workers. migrant people are increasing with reference to population of Gujarati.This industrialisation,pollution,loss of fertile land & water and other natural resource harmed us all Gujarati.we have to think for employment of Gujarati not for other state people. We have lost many sisters character only because of in balancing male female ration in balanced due to migration of only males to Gujarat. Think nothing to be loss more, we can stop outsider by laws, by protest, by stopping urbanisation, stopping industrialization, by cancellation of every coming up SEZ, GIDC estates etc.we must have to do by priority, other wise our kids will not regret us.
4. We must focus on agriculture, self reliant on every thing. no import, no export we need for only statically satisfaction of index of growth. We need real growth, peace, healthy Gujarat, educated Gujarat, self reliant Gujarat. Spread this message to every one by emails, or other make changes in policies. Protest and associate with us in movement "Gujarat bachao andolan".
5. We need to stop pollution, traffic jam, migration, industrialization, urbanisation.can you help me in this mission?
In Gujarat, what we are facing.
In Gujarat we are facing different type of difficulty. to fight against Narendra modi government we are not getting immediate documents, after applying RTI one written answer they issue at last day, that these files are at other head office, and further transfer of application, appeal and second appeal comes on board after six month. We become late by minimum 8 month to get some important papers.
Second- people are not supporting by physically, all are distressed by government. To motivate them all in one direction for one motive looks difficult. Some are saying it's a problem of few.
third- monetary we have to fight against beaurocrates,autocrates,capitalist,politician etc, we have to fight strategically, we cant take help of opposition party, or other source which may blackmail or emotional controling.we have to first establish proper organisation,join real leaders ,motivate them, and persistently follow.
Fourth- no people are ready to die; no one is hand to mouth in Gujarat. They are not struggling to survive. If land saved as agricultural then it seems good to all but no one spare time to movement.
We need reference material, ideas and direction how to fight, how to motivate. Here we are facing challenge

We need following help
List of sez virodhi
• organization all over India with their member list, web, email, mobile, ph, fax and special details of their fight and success.
•,slogans,posters,tips,suggessio ns,analysis,reports,news,motivational experience, any reference material, articles, judgments etc. material which can be helpful in fight against sez
•,videos,news,views,opinion,reports etc on sez
Coming up events, program, of ncas and associated sez
• virodhi associations.
courier or email us scan images-
• literature,handbill,poster,ppt presentations,songs,video,audio and slogans developed for sez fight motivation in different language.
Keep us
• informed every actions and progress, problems, analysis, stastics etc. convey our email and mobile no to all.
address for courier- shri pradipbhai
• deputy,chairmen,gujarat vichar manch c/o-computershop,dr mansukhlal tower,opp-dhiraj sons,athwagate,surat 395001
Write- post box no-512,
akrd, surat-395008, Gujarat, India.

We are in process to collect all record by RTI, meet the affected people and list out cases for further action plan, as it is very important work we have to carry keeping in mind loksabha elections on way.

We are new association, we have to collect many papers, proof against Gujarat government, and we need your help and direction.

We hope your visit in Gujarat will motivate in this sez virodhi movement.
Please make us inform which dates of june or July can be allotted to Gujarat sez virodhi movement.

We are with you, we hope every success, we pray
Jay hind

Natubhai Patel (lageraho Natubhai),
Gujarat sez virodhi manch - convener
Gujarat vichar manch-secretary
Email- ,

Dear friend,
We at India, in Gujarat formed non political intellectual group named - GUJARAT VICHAR MANCH,
We want to join more and more non political intellectual join hand, discuss and help different citizen as joint efforts.
We are forming different committee of expertise for consultation on different specialized matter like
1. Right to information group-helps people to write application to present in appeal
2. PIL group-on public interest issue present public interest litigation on behalf of citizen of India in concern high courts as well as in supreme courts.
3. R and D group-which research different data, truth, scope, interpretation of law, need of changes in laws as well as in public administrative system in every specific department with different activity.
4. Networked group-which associates different persons, professionals, ngo and institutions and make solid core group which makes real impact
5. Administrative group-which helps in real administration on actual expense taking base for local administrations, regular meeting, arranging workshop, etc physically.
We need your help. We can save nation from corruption, mismanagement of public money, public land and public infrastructure and resources.
We can be watch dog for effectiveness in public administration as well as can be catalyst change agent for effective universal balance growth every creature needs.
Hope, Ur suggestion will help us, direction will guide us, and Ur joining with us will motivate our group.
Jay hind
N.M.Patel (lagerahonatubhai)
Mob-India, Gujarat, surat-09228484459

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